SUGGESTOPEDIA

  1. 1.      BACKGROUND

Suggestopedia is the name of a method develop by a Bulgarian scientist, Georgi Lozanov, who was aphysician and psychotherapist, developed his method in Bulgarian and the method was then introduced in the Soviet Union, Hungary and East German. Suggestopedia has been used in a number of Bulgarian schools for the teaching a variety of subjects even though the principle area of concerns is teaching foreign languages. The proponents of  the method claim that their method work equally well whether or not language learners spend time on outside study, and gifted and ungifted language learners study the target language succesfully. Lozanov (cited in Richards and Rodgers, 1986: 142 and 2001) claims that memorization in learning by the suggestopedic method will be accelerated 25 time over that in learning by conventional method. His method can be used to teach both adults and childern. His experiment with adults and childern shows that in five weeks they achieved a basic conversational ease in either French, English, German, Spanish or Rusian, had a working vocabulary of 2000 words with 90% accuracy in recognition recall (Dorothy, 1981: 24). His original method cannot be separated from the use of yoga, role-play, hypnotizing, and music. The method consisders the function of analytical, linear left hemisphere of the brain and that of the intuitive, spatially responsive right hemisphere in a relaxed way which result in accelerated and highly motivated learning.

Lezanov Method was first given attention in the West in 1977. Lozanov himself came to the USA and trained a small number of teacher in theaching foreign language through his method. Since that time Lozanov method has been adapted to the American scene but the method is still in accordance with the environment where it was originally developed: pleasant, cheerful and decorated. Many American researchers have centered on the elements of the method tather than the Lozanov method as a whole. Some modification has been made in order that the method could be used for American student and the researchers have been obliged to abandon some elements of the Lozanov Method (Oller and Amato, 1983: 108). The element of the method that are worth considering are an attractive classroom, teachers with a dynamic personality and a state of relaxed alertness in their students. Foreign language teachers need to be trained in acting and psychology in order for them to be able to present foreign language class through gesture and intonation. The adapted method is finally called Acquisition through Creative Teaching (ACT). Recently, in the USA the Lozanov Method has also been modified for general education (De Porter and Hernacki, 1992; De Porter, Reardon and Singer-Nourie, 1999). The modification of the method suggest some ideas worth considering in students’ learning and teachers’ teaching.

ACT is not merely a method in foreign language teaching. It is an approach to education. Whose primary objective is to tap the extraordinary reserve capacity human beings posses but rarely if ever use. ACT considers the function of analytical, linear left hemisphere of the brain and that of the intuitive, spatially res